Thursday, January 19, 2012

CLAT (Common Law Admission Test) | What is CLAT?

What is CLAT: 

The Common Law Admission Test (CLAT), is an all India common entrance examination, conducted on rotational basis by 19 National Law Universities (NLUs) for admissions to their UG and PG degree programmes.

CLAT is an entrance test, conducted to provide a list of candidates on the basis of ‘merit-cum- preference’ to each University for admission to their Under-Graduate (UG)/ Post-Graduate (PG) programmes, as per the eligibility, reservation and other criteria laid down under the respective Statutes of the participating Universities.

Participating Schools/ Universities:
The 19 participating NLU’s in the order of their year of establishment are:
  1. National Law School of India University (NLSIU), Bengaluru
  2. National Academy of Legal Study and Research (NALSAR), University of Law, Hyderabad
  3. National Law Institute University (NLIU), Bhopal
  4. The West Bengal National University of Juridical Sciences (NUJS), Kolkata
  5. National Law University (NLU), Jodhpur
  6. Hidayatullah National Law University (HNLU), Raipur
  7. Gujarat National Law University (GNLU), Gandhinagar
  8. Dr. Ram Manohar Lohiya National Law University (RMLNLU), Lucknow
  9. Rajiv Gandhi National University of Law (RGNUL), Punjab
  10. Chanakya National Law University (CNLU), Patna
  11. The National University of Advanced Legal Studies (NUALS), Kochi
  12. National Law University Odisha (NLUO), Cuttack
  13. National University of Study and Research in Law (NUSRL), Ranchi
  14. National Law University and Judicial Academy (NLUJA), Assam
  15. Damodaram Sanjivayya National Law University (DSNLU), Visakhapatnam
  16. Tamil Nadu National Law School (TNNLS), Tiruchirappalli
  17. Maharashtra National Law University (MNLU), Mumbai
  18. Maharashtra National Law University (MNLU), Nagpur
  19. Maharashtra National Law University (MNLU), Aurangabad
Conduct of CLAT:

The first CLAT Core Committee consisting of Vice-Chancellors of seven participating NLUs decided that a Common Entrance Test shall be conducted by all the participating Universities on rotational basis in the order of their year of establishment. Accordingly, the first Common Law Admission Test (CLAT) was conducted by NLSIU, Bangalore in the year 2008. Presently there are 19 NLUs participating in CLAT and following the policy of rotation, the Eleventh Common Law Admission Test (CLAT - 2018) was organised by NUALS, Kochi.

Programme Offered by CLAT:

The nineteen NLUs offer five-year integrated Under-Graduate Law Programmes leading to the award of a degree in Law as per their respective nomenclature.

Most NLUs also offer PG Programmes in Law. The information pertaining to the LL.B. and LL.M. Degree Course offered at various NLUs along with the course duration and the specializations offered has been provided in detail under the respective sections of each University’s website and information brochure. The candidates are advised to check the websites of the respective Universities from time to time to keep themselves updated with any change in the course structure or other details.

Eligibility for Under-Graduate Programmes:
  1. There will be no upper age limit for UG Programme in CLAT.
  2. As regards minimum percentage of marks in the qualifying examination (i.e., 10+2), the candidates must have secured:(i) Forty five percent (45%) marks in case of candidates belonging to Unreserved/ OBC/ Specially Abled Persons (SAP) and other categories, and (ii) Forty Percent (40%) marks in case of candidates belonging to Scheduled Caste/Scheduled Tribe (SC/ST) categories.
  3. Candidates who are appearing in the qualifying examination in March/ April are also eligible to appear in CLAT online examination. However, they shall be required to produce an evidence of their passing the qualifying examination at the time of admission, failing which they shall lose their right to be considered for admission.
  4. The result of the qualifying examination (i.e., 10+2) shall be submitted by the candidate at the time of admission failing which the candidate shall be ineligible for admission to the Course.
  5. In case of equal marks, the break of tie shall be by the following procedure and order as under: (i) Higher marks in the component /section on legal aptitude in the CLAT exam; (ii) Higher age; (iii) Computerised draw of lots.
Eligibility for Post-Graduate Programmes:
  1. The candidates must have minimum percentage of marks in the qualifying examination [i.e. LL.B./Five-Year Integrated LL.B. (Hons.)/any other equivalent exam] as under:(i) Fifty five percent (55%) marks in case of candidates belonging to Unreserved/OBC/Specially Abled Persons (SAP) and other categories, and (ii) Fifty percent (50%) marks in case of candidates belonging to Scheduled Caste/Scheduled Tribe (SC/ST) categories.
  2. The candidate must have passed/appeared in the final semester/final year examination of the qualifying examination on the date of his/her admission.
  3. In case of candidates who have appeared in the qualifying examination, he/she may submit his/her final result of qualifying examination within the time frame prescribed by the respective University/Institute. Till then such candidates may be given provisional admission.
  4. In case of equal marks, the break of tie shall be by procedure and order as under:(i) Higher age; (ii) Computerized draw of lots.
  5. No upper age limit is prescribed for appearing in CLAT.
Mode of Admission:
Admission to LL.B. courses: The basic principle of admission to LL.B. Courses through CLAT will remain the same i.e. merit cum preference. The institute-wise preferences shall be obtained from the candidates in the application form itself. The first merit list of the candidates will be made available to the respective participating institute as per merit cum preference basis. This list (institute-wise allotment) will be published along with the declaration of the result itself and the candidates will be asked to deposit their full fees with the respective Law Schools/ Universities allotted to them. The eligibility criteria will be checked by the respective Law Schools/Universities at the time of admission.In case a vacancy exists in any Law School/University after completion of the formalities related to First List, the second merit list will be declared including the list of re-shuffled candidates. If any candidate who has deposited fee earlier is shifted to other Law Schools/Universities of higher preference; his/her total fees will be transferred accordingly and any difference in the fees shall be taken care of by the concerned Law School/ University where the candidate is finally allotted a seat. All offers of admission by CLAT shall be provisional and shall not create any right to admission in favour of a candidate. CLAT will not be responsible for any expenditure incurred by the candidate on travel etc.Under no circumstances shall change of University be allowed after a candidate is admitted to a University.
Admission to LL.M. Courses: In case of admission to LL.M. Courses, admission will be finalized by the respective institutes on the basis of the score of the candidates in CLAT. The CLAT will publish the general merit list and also category wise merit list. After the declaration of the results, the candidates shall be required to submit application for admission to institute(s) of his/her choice in the format to be made available on the CLAT website: Score card, information letter and application Proforma will be sent to individual student. The filled in application may be sent by either email or hard copy within a period 20 clear days from the date of declaration of the results. The last-date will be notified on the CLAT website. There will be no application fee in this respect. The eligibility, reservations etc. will be determined and checked by the concerned institute. However, the relative merit of the candidates, within each category, will be determined solely on the basis of their score in CLAT. 

[Updated on 28.12.2018]

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